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Dandruff and Hair Loss

Kalpana Kumari
Dandruff, as such, does not cause hair loss. People suffering from dandruff often scratch their scalp to relieve itching caused by dandruff. This frequent scratching weakens the hair roots and contributes to hair fall.
Though dandruff is not a disease, yet it causes emotional distress. Most of the sufferers avoid wearing dark clothes as the presence of white flakes often becomes a cause of embarrassment in public.
Dandruff causes itching and inflammation in the scalp. There are many people who believe that dandruff causes hair loss. But, it is not true. Dandruff does not cause loss of hair.
People who have dandruff often tend to scratch the scalp to relieve itching. Scratching the scalp frequently, weakens the roots of hair. This eventually leads to hair fall. Severe dandruff can also block hair follicles which might lead to slower hair growth.

Causes of Dandruff

A person can develop dandruff due to several reasons. Some of them are mentioned below.
  • Dandruff is caused by a fungus called Malassezia globosa that grows on the scalp.
  • Irregular and infrequent shampooing can also cause dandruff.
  • Excessive use of hair styling products, such as hair gels, wax and hair mousse can cause product buildup. This in turn can lead to dandruff.
  • Cold and dry weather also causes dandruff.
  • Poor personal hygiene might also contribute to this problem.

Treatment for Dandruff

Most effective treatment available are anti-dandruff shampoos and conditioners. It contain zinc pyrithione and selenium sulfide.
After rinsing hair with water, these chemicals are left behind on the scalp. This prevents the regrowth of the fungus.
The misconception that anti-dandruff hair care products are strong and medicinal, is ruled out by hair and skin specialists. These shampoos and conditioners contain a formulation of mild cleansers and chemicals to treat dandruff, and thus are safe for regular use (provided the person is not allergic to any of the chemicals present).

Home Remedies for Dandruff and Hair Loss

The best hair loss solution might not be effective if you suffer from dandruff. So, it is imperative that you follow some home remedies to get rid of dandruff
Rinse your hair thoroughly with plenty of water after shampooing. Evey week, you can wash your hair with a clarifying shampoo to remove product build up.
For faster results, add peppermint oil to your shampoo and conditioner. It is known for its anti-dandruff properties.
Massage your scalp with warm coconut oil every alternate day. Make sure that you do not leave the oil on your hair for more than two hours. To enhance the effect, you can also add a few drops of lemon juice. Massaging stimulates blood circulation and promotes follicle growth.
Frequent scratching of the scalp sometimes results in significant hair loss which might lead to partial baldness. In such a case, use essential oils.
Essential oils such as lavender, rosemary and cedar wood are known to be highly effective for treating bald patches. To use essential oils, add 5-6 drops of it to 2 tablespoons of olive oil and massage the affected areas.
Use apple cider vinegar for rinsing your hair after shampooing. It will not only help in getting rid of dandruff, but it will also make your hair shiny.

Some Tips to Prevent Dandruff

  • Keep your scalp and hair moisturized and well-conditioned. Follow a balanced diet rich in essential fatty acids, especially omega-3.
  • Avoid excessive and frequent use of hair styling products, especially hair gels and sprays.
  • Massage scalp and hair with hot oil to avoid a dry scalp and to boost circulation.
Dandruff is not a disease in itself. It is only a symptom of some other disorder your body is suffering from. The best way to get rid of dandruff would be to cure the actual ailment first.